Reference

APA Citation Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
6th edition, 2010.


Book

Book with author or authors
Author. (Year). Title of book: Capital letter also for subtitle. (2nd ed.). Location: Publisher.
Lewis, C. W., & Gilman, S. C. (2005). The ethics challenge in public service: A problem-solving guide
              (2nd ed.). United Stated: John Wiley.


More than six authors
Author, … last authors. (Year). Title of book: Capital letter also for subtitle. (2nd ed.). Location: Publisher.
Petrucci, R. H., Herring, F. G., Madura, J. D., Bissonette, C., Couloris, G., Dollomore, J., … Kindberg, T.
              (2011). General chemistry: Principles and modern applications. (10th ed.). Toronto: Pearson.


Book with no author
Title. (Year). Place: Publisher.
Getting student to talk. (2007). Selangor:
              University Publication Centre.


Edited Book, No Author
Editor/s (Ed/Eds.). (Year). Title of book.
              Location: Publisher.
Hooker, B., Mason, E., & Miller, D. E. (Eds.). (2000).
              Morality, rules and consequences: A critical reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.


Edited Book with an Author or Authors
Author. (Year). Title of book Editor, (Ed.).
              Location: Publisher.
Salamon, S. (2000). The unabridged journals K.V. Kukil,
              (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.


Article or Chapter in an Edited Book
Writer of the chapter. (Year). Title of chapter. In Name of Editor (Ed./Eds.), Title of book
              (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.
Haslett, D. W. (2000). Value, obligations and saving lives. In Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason and Dale E. Miller
              (Eds.), Morality, rules and consequences (pp. 71 – 104). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.


Corporate body
Institution. (Year). Title of books. Place: Publisher. Malaysia, Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara. (2006). Pentadbiran dan pengurusan awam Malaysia. Kuala
              Lumpur: Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara.


Magazine

Writer of the article. (Year, month day). Title of the article.
              Title of the Magazine. Volume, page.
Wan Suriani Hasan. (1998, September 24). Bohsia: Siapa harus dipersalahkan?. Dewan Masyarakat,
              149, (2), 11 - 15.


Newspaper

Writer of the article. (Year, month day). Title of the article.
              Title of the Newspaper, page.
Wak Suparjo Wak Neng. (1998, September 24). JPS baiki aliran sungai elak banjir di Selangor. Utusan
               Malaysia
, pp. 1A, 2A.


Journal

Author. (Date of publication ). Title of article. Title of Journal / Online Periodical,
              volume
(issue), page.
Saidatul Akmar Ismail & Halida Yu Abdullah. (2012). Key performance indicator for school resource
              centre improvement. Library Journal, 55 (2), 59-65.


Encyclopedia

Author. (Year). Title. In editor (Ed/Eds.), Title of encyclopedia. (Volume, pp. ). Place of publication:
              Publisher.
Sturgeon, R. (1995). Science fiction. In L. T. Muchmellow et al. (Eds.), The encyclopedia Americana
              (Vol.24, pp. 390-392). Danbury, CT: Grolier.


Published thesis / Dissertation

Author. (Year). Title of dissertation. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database.
               (Accession or Order Number)
Muhammad Izzat Abdool (1992). Perancangan sumber air untuk kesejahteraan sejagat di Pahang,
              Malaysia.
(Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Universiti Malaysia Pahang Database.
              (142513155235).


Online journal

Author. (Date of publication ). Title of article. Title of Journal / Online Periodical, volume (issue), page.
              Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Siti Zubaidah Abdul Mutalib. (2012). Use of the school resource centre among Malaysian high school
              teacher . Library Review, 3 (14), 14-16. Retrieved from http://unlib.unl.edu/LPP/


Online magazine / news-paper

Author. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from
               http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Parker-Albert, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New
              York Times
. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com


Online books

Author. (n.d.). Title of article: Subtitles. Retrieved from
               http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women
De Donn, E.W. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Nortwest.
               Retrieved from http://www.powells.com/cgi-bin


Lecturer notes

Author. Title of article. [Format form]. Retrieved from
               http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Hallam, A. Duality in consumer theory. [PDF document]. Retrieved from Lecture Notes
               Online Web site: http://www.econ.iastate.edu/classes/econ501/


Unpublished Thesis / Dissertation

Author. (Year). Title of dissertation. (Doctoral dissertation).
              Name of institution, Location.
Abdullah Abu Bakar. (1993). Perancangan sumber air untuk kesejahteraan sejagat di Selangor, Malaysia.
              (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.


Multimedia / CD ROM

Author. (Year, Month). Title of the article. Name of the Journal, Volume (issue/no.), page. CDROM. GPO.
               Disc No. 99-13-01
Rayyan, R. (2012, September). Selenium and soils in Western United States. Natural History, 108 (3),
              20-28. CDROM. GPO. Disc No. 11-18-01.


Conference / Proceeding

Author. (Year). Title of conference proceedings. Place of publication:
              Publisher.
Idrus Jamaluddin & Oxford, E.L. (Eds.). (1995). Proceedings from CSCL 95: The First International
              Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning
. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.


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